From March 4, 2019, each newly issued ID will be a E-ID - ID card with embedded electronic layer. This is the result of the national E-citizen program - a series of solutions that help us deal with many matters quickly and efficiently - also remotely. The electronic layer is nothing more than saved in electronic form, among others our name or surname, surname at birth, parents' names, date and place of birth, gender, photo, PESEL number and citizenship.
Externally, it looks similar to the ID card issued so far. Therefore, it is a TD1 format card compliant with ICAO 9303-3 (85.6 mm x 54.0 mm x 1.25 mm), and the only new information contained on it is the CAN number - required if you need to use the electronic functions E -dowodu. The CAN number also protects the e-proof against reading data stored in the electronic layer by unauthorized persons. The e-proof thanks to the built-in electronic chip works contactless, communicating with the reader via 13.56 MHz radio waves. This means that you just put the E-ID on the appropriate reader to be able to start using it. Thanks to the electronic layer, interested persons can use E-ID as a means of communication with public administration and other entities.
E-proof enables, among others logging into public administration portals using a secure electronic identification means (personal profile), electronic signing of documents (thanks to a personal signature) or confirmation of your presence e.g. in court. In the future, the possibilities of e-proof will be extended by further functions.
Most importantly, the Polish E-ID complies with the guidelines of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and as such is compliant with the Regulation prepared by the European Union on the security of identity documents of EU citizens 2019/1157 of 20 June 2019.
To use the E-ID, you must have the appropriate E-ID reader. The reader is a small device connected to the computer via a USB port, enabling the reading of E-ID data via the E-ID manager application available for download at www.gov.pl/web/e-dowod. It simplifies significantly among others the process of submitting documents electronically and certifying them with your personal signature.
The reader must support proximity cards in accordance with ISO 14443 1-4 Type A and ISO 14443 1-4 Type B, communicating via 13.56 MHz radio waves (MIFARE® / NFC). Another requirement for the E-proof reader is support for extended APDU and a number of protocols, including Chip Authentication based on ECDH, PACEv2: ECDH and EAC2, ensuring encryption and security of transmitted data. In turn, the reader driver for Windows, Linux and MacOS must be compatible with the PC / SC standard defining the way of communication of electronic cards with PCs.
The overriding requirement for readers is the easy installation of the device in the user's system and the ease of use. The reader should have an alphanumeric display (2x16 characters) and a pinpad enabling entering the PIN / PUK / CAN code, as well as LEDs indicating the current status of the device.