Near Field Communication is a standard for short-range, high-frequency wireless communication operating at 13.56MHz. The NFC idea was created in 2004 when leading companies from the consumer and communications electronics industries created a framework for a new communication standard for mobile devices, in particular for mobile phones.
As the name implies, the new communication standard operates in the "nearby range" - the frequency field, and exactly as the specification specifies in a range up to 20cm at a speed of up to 424 kbit / s. Thanks to compliance with the ISO 18000-3 standard, devices compatible with the NFC standard can also be operated by the existing RFID infrastructure operating at 13.56MHz, which creates extremely versatile possibilities for potential applications. A special feature of the standard is its negligible impact on the device's power consumption as it is only activated when the compatible devices are brought closer together and the mere approximation means that the exchange of information between them is immediate. No search for nearby devices or mutual setup is required to connect.
According to the assumptions, NFC is to become a common standard for short-range communication between devices, making our mobile phones a very valuable data carrier. Currently, leading mobile phone manufacturers offer devices that comply with the new standard, which is gradually gaining popularity. Typical applications that support or can support the NFC standard are fast contactless payments, access control, information exchange between devices, or between the device and the transponder - the NFC tag. By data exchange, we mean downloading information that may contain text content and internet links. An example of their use can be advertising content downloaded directly to the phone from banners in public transport, on the streets, in stores and in many other places. The potential applications and their benefits can only be multiplied.
NFC proximity standard of tomorrow
Near Field Communication is a standard for short-range, high-frequency wireless RFID communication operating at 13.56MHz.
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